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  • apikoros

    heretic, non-believer, especially one with great knowledge of Judaism

  • Aramaic

    Judeo-Aramaic, a northern Semitic language related to Hebrew.

  • avade

    Of course. / Obviously!

  • bat mitzvah

    in gender egalitarian communities, the ceremony of a 13- (or 12-) year-old girl's first calling up to the Torah, symbolizing her adulthood in Jewish life. can also refer to the girl herself. In Orthodox communities, refers to celebration of girl turning 12. "Celebration of a Jewish girl's coming of age; a girl who has reached that age." (Glinert)

  • bedieved

    "done just well enough to fulfill a need or duty; perfunctorily" (Weiser, Frumspeak)

  • BS"D

    "with the help of heaven"--an acronym that is put at the top of many documents produced by Orthodox Jews as a reminder that everything comes from G-d

  • chevra kedisha

    burial society - volunteers who sit with the dead and prepare their bodies for burial

  • chumrah

    a religious stringency

  • duchen

    A ritual where the kohanim recite the Priestly Blessing (Num. 6:24-26), blessing the rest of the congregation.

  • gemara

    "A compilation of 300 years of rabbis' legal and ethical commentaries on the Mishnah...together, the Gemara and the Mishnah comprise the Talmud." (JPS)

  • get

    a writ or deed of divorce

  • halevai

    If only

  • kallah

    Jewish communal gathering, conference

  • lav

    a scriptural prohibition

  • lechatchila

    "to begin with; altogether" (Weiser, Frumspeak)

  • mutar

    permitted for a Jew to do.

  • pita

    A round, thin bread with a pocket, eaten plain or with filling as a sandwich.

  • sidra

    weekly Torah portion

  • tenai

    "A condition of circumstance upon which a certain effect is predicated: Stipulation" (Weiser).