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  • antisemitism

    Hatred against Jews.

  • Ashkenazic

    Adjectival form for 'Ashkenazim', "The name given to the group of Jews who were originally from Germany and France, and their descendants" (JPS)

  • BCE

    Before the Common Era (used in place of B.C.). Steinmetz: "...recently, a new awareness of the Christian character of these abbreviations have led many Jewish writers and editors to replace them with [C.E. And B.C.E.]"

  • Conservative Judaism

    originally known as "historical positive Judaism," a denomination that combines observance with an idea of "halachic process." See further comments below.

  • Reform

    a Jewish movement founded on principles of the Jewish Enlightenment (Haskalah), which rejected the binding nature of the Law and attempted to concentrate on the prophetic message; it is now the largest movement in the United States, and has an additional 1 million adherents worldwide.

  • Reform Judaism

    A liberal, progressive branch of Judaism that emphasizes choice through knowledge.

  • Sephardic

    Jews whose ancestors came from the Iberian Peninsula before the Jewish expulsion

  • unveiling

    the ceremony marking the unveiling of a deceased person's headstone one year after his or her burial

  • Yinglish

    "[the] informal and facetious name for" "the Yiddish-influenced [variety] of English used chiefly by American and British Jews of Ashkenazi descent" (Steinmetz)