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  • Av

    n. The eleventh month of the Jewish calendar (or fifth if counting from Nisan).

  • Elul

    n. The twelfth month of the Jewish calendar (or sixth if counting from Nisan).

  • Eretz Yisroel

    n. Israel.

  • g'mar chatima tova

    interj. "A customary greeting among Jews on Yom Kippur [and the period between Yom Kippur and Rosh haShanah]" (JPS). lit. "a good end of [the process of] sealing [in the Book of Life]".

  • gelilah

    n. "Binding and bedecking of the Torah scroll[.]" (Glinert)

  • hadass

    n. Myrtle, one of the arba minim used ritually on Sukkot.

  • hagba

    n. The ceremonial raising of a Sefer Torah for all the congregation to see.

  • Iyar

    n. The eighth month of the Jewish calendar (or second if counting from Nisan).

  • Kislev

    prop. n. The third month of the Jewish calendar (or ninth if counting from Nisan).

  • Lag BaOmer

    prop. n. The thirty-third day of the Omer on which the Omer's customs of semi-mourning pause for a day and on which it is a tradition to hold a bonfire and celebrate.

  • Maariv

    n. The Jewish evening prayer service.

  • madrega

    level, especially spiritual level

  • Mincha

    n. The Jewish afternoon prayer service.

  • Mishnah

    n. An authoritative collection of exegetical material embodying the oral tradition of Jewish law and forming the first part of the Talmud.

  • Nisan

    prop. n. The seventh month of the Jewish calendar (or first if counting from it).

  • Pirkei Avot

    prop. n. "[A] collection of maxims, quotes, and popular sayings from ancient Jewish sages and scholars" (Eisenberg & Scolnic).

  • Purim

    A joyous holiday that takes place in February or March on the 14th of Adar, retelling the story of the Book of Esther.

  • rishon

    "Earlier rabbis and scholars, who lived from around the 11th to the mid-15th century C.E., before the Shulchan Arukh, the compilation of Jewish law, was written." (JPS)

  • Sefer Torah

    n. A Torah scroll (a scroll with the text of The Five Books of Moses on it).

  • Shabbat

    prop. n. The Jewish Sabbath; Saturday.