Alternative Spellings



  • "Literally, 'divine service'" (JPS) Also, "work" or "service" and sometimes used as the name for a unit at camp in which campers help with such duties as service in the dining hall, laundry, etc.

Example Sentences

  • Found on a website for a Reform institution: "The mission of our organization is to foster the vibrancy of Reform Judaism through Torah, avodah and gemilut chasadim."

Languages of Origin

Textual Hebrew



Who Uses This

Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
Camp: Jews who attend or work at a Jewish overnight summer camp
Organizations: People involved in a professional or volunteer capacity with Jewish nonprofit organizations


North America


The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).

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