Showing 115 words

  • candle lighting

    n. "The custom of lighting candles to welcome the Sabbath" (JPS); the exact time at which holiday and Shabbos candles are supposed to be lit by according to Jewish law.

  • cashew

    n. A person of Catholic and Jewish heritage.

  • CCAR

    n. A union of Reform Rabbis that determines pay and benefits, as well as who can work at Reform movement-affiliated synagogues.

  • cement mixer

    n. Non-Jewish woman.

  • Chabad

    n. An outreach-oriented branch of Hasidic Judaism that follows the Lubavitcher Rebbe. Chabad has thousands of branches around the world, including at many college campuses.

  • Chabad house

    n. A synagogue/residence/outreach center operated by Chabad-Lubabvitch, usually run by a Rabbi and wife, and often their children.

  • chabadsker

    adj. Of or relating to Chabad Lubavitch (i.e., Lubavitcher), often pejorative.

  • chabura

    n. Study group.

  • chacham

    n. Wise, learned person; genius.

  • chad gadya

    n. The name of a song sung at the end of the Passover seder.

  • chadar ochel

    n. Dining hall, dining room.

  • chag

    n. Holiday.

  • chag sameach

    interj. "Literally, 'Happy Holiday.' The traditional, all-purpose greeting exchanged on almost any Jewish holiday" (JPS).

  • Chagei Tishrei

    pl. prop. n. The major Jewish holidays that fall in the month of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, and Simchat Torah).

  • chai

    n. "Literally, 'life'" (JPS); 18 (see note).

  • chakira

    n. Proposition, treatise, deliberation.

  • chalat

    n. A man's silk robe for indoor use, usually on Shabbat or holidays.

  • chalavi

    adj. Describes dairy foods as well as utensils and dishes used to cook, serve, and eat dairy products.

  • chaleria

    n. Plague or cholera (literal or metaphorical).

  • chalitzah

    n. "Ceremony releasing a man from levirate marriage" (Glinert).

  • challah

    n. "The braided egg bread that traditionally is eaten on almost every Jewish holiday and [the Sabbath]" (JPS).

  • chalomot paz

    interj. Sweet dreams, literally "Golden dreams."

  • chalutzim

    n. Pioneers in the building of the State of Israel.

  • chalutziut

    adj. Pioneering, specifically the Chalutzim movement in the region of Palestine.

  • chametz

    n. Leavened food.

  • chametzdik

    adj. Containing or contaminated with chametz (and therefore unfit to be used or eaten by observant Jews on Pesach).

  • chamishi

    n. The fifth aliyah in a Torah service.

  • chanichim

    n. Campers; members of youth movement, as in Hashomer Hatzair.

  • chanukiah

    n. Nine-branched menorah / candelabrum used on Chanukah.

  • chanutiya

    n. At Jewish summer camp, canteen where campers get candy and other snacks. (source)

  • chap

    v. To comprehend (lit. "to grasp").

  • charif

    adj. Spicy.

  • charoset

    n. Sweet, mushy mixture that represents mortar at the Passover seder.

  • chas v'chalila

    interj. "Heaven forbid" (Steinmetz's Yiddish and English dictionary).

  • chas v'sholom

    interj. "Heaven forbid" (Glinert).

  • chashash

    n. "A fear, a danger" (Glinert), a worry.

  • chashuv

    adj. Important; of high status.

  • chasidei umot haolam

    n. "The pious of the world" (Glinert), non-Jews who have been particularly righteous and/or follow the seven Noahide Laws.

  • chassidish

    adj. Adhering to Hasidism, a mystical brand of Orthodox Judaism; having traits associated with Hasidim.

  • chassidus

    n. "Chasidism" (Glinert).

  • chatan

    n. Bridegroom.

  • chatan bereshit

    n. "Bridegroom of Genesis" (Glinert), an honor given to an important member of the community on the holiday of Simchat Torah where the honoree is called up to the Torah for the last reading, which contains the first lines of the Torah.

  • chatan torah

    n. "Bridegroom of the Torah" (Glinert), an honor given to an important member of the community on the holiday of Simchat Torah where the honoree is called up to the Torah for the penultimate reading, which contains the last lines of the Torah.

  • chatich

    n. A sexy man.

  • chatuna

    n. Wedding.

  • Chatzi Kaddish

    n. Half kaddish: a prayer that praises God and occurs several times during services, marking the separation between different parts of the service.

  • chatzos

    n. Halachic midday and midnight.

  • chaval

    interj. A shame; a waste; "too bad!"

  • chaval al hazman

    interj. Wow! Expression of emphasis from Israeli slang. Original meaning is also used: "waste of time."

  • chaver

    n. Friend.

  • chaverim

    n. Members, friends.

  • chavruta

    n. Learning partnership; joint study session. "The person with whom one studies religious texts" (Weiser).

  • chayav

    adj. Guilty of transgressing. Liable.

  • chazak u'baruch

    (sentence) "Be strong and be blessed," usually said to someone who participated in a religious service in some way (for example, has an aliyah, makes a donation, opens the ark, etc.).

  • chazak veematz

    (sentence) "Be very strong and courageous!"

  • chazakah

    n. "Automatic presumption" (Glinert).

  • Chazal

    prop. n. A collective term that refers to all Jewish sages of the Mishna, Tosefta and Talmud eras.

  • chazan

    n. The official at a synagogue who leads the congregation in prayer and song (JPS).

  • chazarah

    n. Review of material previously studied.

  • chazaras hashatz

    n. The repetition of the Shmona Esre / Amidah by the shatz (shaliach tzibbur)

  • chazer

    v. "Go over; review" (Weiser).

  • chazir

    n. Pork.

  • cheder

    n. Hebrew and religious classes (often on Sundays) for elementary school children.

  • Chelm

    n. From Yiddish literature/folklore, "The 'legendary' town inhabited by befuddled, stupid, foolish, but endearing people." (JPS). Also a real town in Poland (Chelmno).

  • cherem

    n. "Excommunication; ostracism" (Yiddish).

  • chesed

    n. An act of kindness.

  • chesedik

    adj. Kind.

  • cheshbon hanefesh

    n. "Soul-searching, self-accounting" (Glinert).

  • Cheshvan

    n. The second month of the Jewish calendar (or eighth if counting from Nisan).

  • chet

    n. The eighth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Often used to refer to a standing formation in the shape of the letter.

  • chevra

    n. "Society; close-knit group" (Yiddish).

  • chevra kedisha

    n. Burial society - volunteers who sit with the dead and prepare their bodies for burial.

  • chevreman

    n. "One of the guys" (Glinert).

  • chidon

    n. A bible quiz in Orthodox camps and schools.

  • chidush

    n. Innovative idea; an insight; discovery; novelty.

  • chillul Hashem

    n. Disgracing God's name; an action that might be looked down upon; an action that might make Jews look bad.

  • chiloni

    adj. (Of Jewish people or institutions) secular, not religious.

  • chinuch

    n. Jewish education.

  • Chitas

    n. A daily study practice by Chabad including daily selections from the Chumash, Psalms, and the Tanya.

  • chitzoni

    n. A person concerned with externalities.

  • chiyuv

    n. Obligation.

  • chochmah

    n. "Brains; wisdom; a brilliant idea" (Glinert).

  • chofesh

    n. Free time.

  • chol hamoed

    n. "The intermediate days of the weeklong holidays of Pesach and Sukkot" (JPS).

  • choleh

    n. A person who is ill.

  • cholent

    n. "A slow-cooked stew made of beef, beans, potatoes, and other vegetables. Cholent is a common Sabbath dish..." (JPS).

  • cholov yisroel

    n. "Milk which has been milked under Jewish supervision" (Glinert).

  • chopped liver

    n. A pate made from chopped chicken liver and onions.

  • chosenness

    n. Notion that Jews are God's chosen people, based on biblical quotes.

  • choshesh

    v. and adj. To worry, to have a fear, to be concerned

  • chosid shoteh

    n. "Pious fool; blind follower" (Glinert).

  • chozer b'teshuva

    n. A returnee to the faith.

  • chozer be-sheelah

    n. Someone raised Orthodox who chooses not to be aligned with the practice or ideology of Orthodox Judaism.

  • chrain

    n. A spicy paste made from grated horseradish.

  • Chrismukkah

    n. "Chrismukkah is a pop-culture portmanteau neologism referring to the merging of the holidays of Christianity's Christmas and Judaism's Hanukkah." (Wikipedia)

  • chug

    n. Elective class, group activity.

  • chultzah

    n. "A uniform shirt worn in Jewish summer camps and youth groups, such as Habonim Dror." (source)

  • chumash

    n. "A bound book containing the Five Books of Moses that is used in synagogue or for study." (JPS)

  • chumradik

    adj. Stringent, used to imply that a person is making the most strict halachic ruling, or follows additional restrictions in his or her practice.

  • chumrah

    n. A religious stringency.

  • chuppah

    n. "The Jewish wedding canopy; that is, the cloth under which the Jewish wedding ceremony is conducted." (JPS)

  • chush

    n. Flair.

  • chutz la'aretz

    n. Outside of Israel; the disapora, lit. "outside the land."

  • chutzpah

    n. Guts (positive).

  • chutzpahdik

    adj. Impertinent.

  • CJLS

    n. A committee of Conservative Rabbis that meets semi-yearly to review t'shuvot (halachic proposals).

  • Cohen

    n. "A male descendent of the family of Aaron, of the tribe of Levi. Aaron and his descendants were consecrated to the service of God... in the Tabernacle... in the desert and later the Holy Temple" (Steinmetz). Often poorly translated as "priest," though the term "Levite" or "Aaronite" is more accurate, especially due to Christian usage (Steinmetz).

  • collect

    v. Gather funds or fundraise for an institution.

  • conservadox

    adj. Of a manner of Jewish religious practice that is considered to be intermediate between the Conservative and Orthodox movements in liturgy, observance, etc.

  • Conservative

    adj. Of, relating to, or affiliated with Conservative Judaism.

  • Conservative Judaism

    n. Originally known as "historical positive Judaism," a denomination that combines observance with an idea of "halachic process." See further comments below.

  • continuity

    n. An objective, often expressed in response to rising rates of interfaith marriage, to ensure that Judaism is transmitted from one generation to the next.

  • convener

    n. An organization that brings people or organizations together.

  • counting the omer

    n. Counting of each of the forty-nine days between the Jewish holidays of Passover and Shavuos.